A Companion to Greek Rhetoric

A Companion to Greek Rhetoric

Language: English

Pages: 632

ISBN: 144433414X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This complete guide to ancient Greek rhetoric is exceptional both in its chronological range and the breadth of topics it covers.

  • Traces the rise of rhetoric and its uses from Homer to Byzantium
  • Covers wider-ranging topics such as rhetoric's relationship to knowledge, ethics, religion, law, and emotion
  • Incorporates new material giving us fresh insights into how the Greeks saw and used rhetoric
  • Discusses the idea of rhetoric and examines the status of rhetoric studies, present and future
  • All quotations from ancient sources are translated into English





















improved in the areas of pleasing discourses and techniques with persuasion, the discipline of rhetoric had thus far nothing to say about the process of formulating sound judgments. Isocrates addressed the lacuna he had identified in the disciplines of philosophy and rhetoric, as they were practiced at the time, by resorting to history. Athenian history, with its plentiful examples of sound decision making and good judgments in political deliberation, offered countless opportunities to witness

name of Sinon, is captured. After being brought before the Trojans, Sinon addresses the Trojans, skillfully using speech. He interprets the obvious facts on behalf of the Trojans. On the basis of the evidence he constructs a plausible whole that plays on the feelings of pity and piety of the Trojans and which will capture their minds, taking over their capacity for judgment. In fact, the ships have not retreated but are in hiding; the horse is a concealed personnel-carrier and not an offering;

often used in conjunction with a word denoting mental activity of some kind, as in the quotation above from the Rhetoric (‘whetted with the unmitigated rage of his intellect’). All these features contribute to the feeling of redundancy that Aristotle criticised, a trait which Alcidamas shares with Gorgias.37 The use of double and rare words is also a Gorgianic feature, but it is noticeable that there are fewer of these in On Sophists than Aristotle’s criticism would lead us to 54 Michael

persuade, cajole, and convince. It must be conventional: the people to whom it is addressed are themselves conventional and as yet untouched by philosophical education. The second and very different rhetorical innovation of the Republic is evident in the early education of the guardians, out of whom will emerge the ruling philosophers. The philosophers rule by virtue of their expertise in the political techne¯, and that expertise, the product of natural talent and long, arduous training, entails

recommended. The subject of 3.10–11 is ‘urbanity’. Aristotle analyzes it in terms of audience psychology. Learning with ease is said to be pleasant and for this reason metaphor is recommended.14 Like the enthymeme, a metaphor conveys a new idea and therefore promotes learning. And when a metaphor is expressed with brevity, combined with antithesis, and made vivid, it is especially appealing. The discussion of style is concluded in 3.12. Written style is distinguished from that which is

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