Ancient Greece: Discovering Ancient Greece!
Martin R. Phillips
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Ancient Greece is, without a doubt, one of the most fascinating cultures that our world has ever seen! Whether you look at their mythology, their history, or their philosophy, the Ancient Greek civilization has permeated our approach to, and understanding of, the world at large. It is impossible to tell the story of modern civilization without providing some recognition to the influence of Greece.
The Greek Empire was vast, encompassing over 700 individual city-states, 150-173 of which would form the Delian League in an effort to combat the onslaught of Persia. How did so many city-states come together under one rule? With only a fraction joining the Delian League, how did these city-states stay together in times of disagreement and conflict?
There are hundreds, if not thousands of questions regarding this vast and fascinating civilization. One could spend years and write many volumes on each period of the Ancient Grecian culture, history, and mythology. It has been my pleasure to assemble this research, and the voice of Greece itself (through reference to its own historians, including Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon.) I am excited to share with you an admittedly brief look at the civilization we know as Ancient Greece (a full history would take more pages than the unabridged Oxford English Dictionary and the Encyclopedia Britannica combined.)
In this book you will find the history and opinions of the Ancient Greeks. You will discover their truth and their mythology. You will learn of war and peacetime. There are heroes and villains, saints and scoundrels. You will find philosophies that changed the world, and continue to do so even to this day.
For the most part, the contents of this book are arranged topically as opposed to strictly chronologically to allow specific areas of interest in the Ancient Greeks and their civilization to be more easily accessible. However, care has been taken to include the approximate dates of people and events to give you a good idea of the chronology of the content.
The importance of the Greek civilization cannot be overstated. In nearly every facet of our lives, we can find something which had its roots, or took a new turn in Ancient Greece. When you go to the polls to elect an official, you are operating on a Greek principle. When you discuss the nature of life with others, you are performing a modified version of the Greek symposium. Even when you sit down to watch television, or read a book, you often find references to Trojan wars, Sparta and their role in the conflict with the Persians, the philosophy, or the character of the Greeks.
As you rediscover Ancient Greece, I encourage you to make note of how much of that vast and diverse civilization still lives on throughout our world today.
remain safe so long as it didn’t attempt to expand its empire. Unfortunately for Athens, the construction of this wall encased the citizens of the polis in close quarters, and in a relatively short amount of time, these close quarters along with a lack of general sanitation led to an outbreak of plague which killed an estimated 30,000 Athenian citizens. Pericles himself succumbed to this plague, and died within six months of contracting it. With the death of Pericles, rule of the city went to
Sparta. A group known as the 30 tyrants who led Athens now, not in a democracy as it had been, but an oligarchy (rule by a small group of people.) This oligarchy would not stand however, as Athens was eventually able to retake their city and their democracy about a year after the institution of the 30 tyrants. This war was costly to both sides, and eventually led to the fall of both poleis to outside forces. In the north, a city called Macedon was not far from coming to a level of power as yet
Along with sarissas and gastraphetes, two types of torsion ballistae were developed: oxybeles (bolt-shooters) and lithobolos (stone-shooters.) The oxybeles could fling a large bolt to lengths of up to a quarter mile, and easily penetrate enemy armor. The lithobolos could hurl stones up to 180 pounds in weight a great distance, effectively making the Macedonian forces unmatched in distance warfare. One of Philip’s sons, a young man who would grow to join his father on his military campaigns, and
truths. An example would be: All men are six feet tall. John is a man. If John is a man, then he is six feet tall. In this example is also illustrated a further part of formal logic which is that if one of the two propositions is found to be untrue, then the conclusion cannot be said to be necessarily true itself. In this case, it’s not true that all men are six feet tall, therefore it can only be deduced from this information that some men may be six-feet tall, but men (including John) aren’t
When it became clear that Athens was becoming too powerful for Darius’s liking, he sent a force to invade. The first campaign of the Persians against the Greeks was carried out by Mardonius, the son-in-law of Darius. During this campaign, Mardonius’s forces conquered and re-subjugated the city of Thrace. Macedon, an ally of the Persians, was also subjugated. This campaign, although having its victories would end after the Persian fleet was lost in a storm near the coast of Mount Athos. After