Ancient Greece: From Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times, Second Edition

Ancient Greece: From Prehistoric to Hellenistic Times, Second Edition

Language: English

Pages: 328

ISBN: 0300160054

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In this compact yet comprehensive history of ancient Greece, Thomas R. Martin brings alive Greek civilization from its Stone Age roots to the fourth century B.C. Focusing on the development of the Greek city-state and the society, culture, and architecture of Athens in its Golden Age, Martin integrates political, military, social, and cultural history in a book that will appeal to students and general readers alike. Now in its second edition, this classic work now features new maps and illustrations, a new introduction, and updates throughout.
“A limpidly written, highly accessible, and comprehensive history of Greece and its civilizations from prehistory through the collapse of Alexander the Great’s empire. . . . A highly readable account of ancient Greece, particularly useful as an introductory or review text for the student or the general reader.”—Kirkus Reviews
“A polished and informative work that will be useful for general readers and students.”—Daniel Tompkins, Temple University
















architectural complexes today labeled "palaces," relied on an interdependent economy based primarily on redistribution. The first, "pre-palace" settlers in Crete presumably immigrated across the sea from nearby Anatolia about 6000 B.C.These Neolithic farming families originally lived in small settlements nestled close to fertile agricultural land, like their contemporaries elsewhere in Europe. In the third millennium B.c.,however, the new technological developments in metallurgy and agriculture

political organization in Greece was the "league" or "federation" (ethos), a flexible form of association over a broad territory which was itself sometimes composed of city-states. The most famous ancient analyst of Greek politics and society, the phi- The Archaic Age 55 losopher Aristotle (384-322 B.c.),insisted that the emergence of the polis had been the inevitable result of the forces of nature at work. "Humans," he said, "are beings who by nature live in a polis" (Politics 12S3a2-3).

forgetting a sacrifice, violating the sanctity of a temple area, or breaking an oath or sworn agreement made to another person. The gods were regarded as especially concerned with certain transgressions (such as violating oaths), but as generally uninterested in common crimes, which humans had to police for themselves. Homicide, however, the gods were thought to punish by casting a state of pollution (miasma, as it was called) upon murderers and upon all those around them as well. Unless the

settlement. By the third millennium B.C. large dwellings were being built in Greece, as at Lerna in the Argolid region, where the so-called House of Tiles had a roof of baked tiles covering more than one story of rooms. The remarkable changes of the late Neolithic period came about as inno- Backgrounds of Ancient Greek History 11 vative human adaptations to what in anthropological terms would be called the feedback between environmental change and population growth. That is, as agriculture

treasury of Athens, splinter its political harmony, and devastate its military power, but the long The Pelopomesian War and Its Afiermath 163 years of the war also exacted a heavy toll on the domestic life of Athenians. Many people both urban and rural found their livelihoods threatened by the economic dislocations of the war. Women without wealth whose spouses or male relatives were killed in the war experienced particularly difficult times because dire necessity forced them to seek work

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