Ancient Greece: From the Mycanaean Palaces to the Age of Greece (Edinburgh Leventis Studies)
Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos
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This book is the most fundamental reinterpretation of Ancient Greek history, culture, and society in thirty years. The authors refute the traditional view of the Greek Dark Age with evidence of a steady progression from Mycenaean kingship to the conception of aristocratic nobility in the Archaic period.
Beyçesultan, Room 32 of ‘Burnt Palace’, after Lloyd and Mellaart 1965, ﬁg. A11 Metres (a) 32 . (a) (b) Figure 1.12a Bogazköy building E, adapted from Neve 1982, ﬁg. 39a. 1.12b Bogazköy building D, adapted from Neve 1982, ﬁg. 43 7], 68 [Temple 15], 85–6 [Temple 17]). In these examples the piers are of stacked mudbrick or rubble, which Neve thinks was held together by large wooden beams (between 42 and 50 cm in size) that were placed both vertically and horizontally. He
poems.1 It would be fastidious to repeat this detailed analysis now. I will only mention a few salient facts about the use of the two words, and then oﬀer a few comments on two very hotly debated questions: Are there kings in the Homeric poems? Are there kings in early archaic Greece? With regard to ajn/ ax, there is some agreement among the homerists. j /Anax often occurs in formulas (the most frequent is ajn/ ax a’ndrw˜ n Agame/ j mnwn, which occurs 56 times), and we may conclude that ajn/ ax
institution in the time of the monumental composition of the poems, we may wonder if that contemporary kingship was not at least partially in the background of Homeric kingship. Another consideration leads us to the same conclusion. How could a public decision be reached before the invention of voting? Sometimes through violence, through the pressure of an inﬂuential big man or through unanimous approval of course, but if these means failed, the community would break up. The surest and most
below), disintegrated or was destroyed. The ﬁnd position of some pieces of the jewellery inside the cauldron can be approximated. According to Karo, n.d.1, the large golden signet-ring (Karo 1930: no. 6208), a coil of gold wire, the Hittite cylinder seal (Karo 1930: no. 6214), and a concentration of gold and faience beads were found in the lower half of the cauldron, while based on the descriptions of Karo 1930: 120 and Arvanitopoulos 1915: 209 the wheels made of gold wire with added amber beads
(2003), ‘The Mediterranean economy: “Globalization” at the end of the second millennium B.C.E.’, in Dever, W. G. and Gitin, S. (eds), Symbiosis, Symbolism, and the Power of the Past: Canaan, Ancient Israel, and Their Neighbors from the Late Bronze Age through Roman Palaestina. Proceedings of the Centennial Symposium W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and American Schools of Oriental Research, Jerusalem, May 29–31, 2000, Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, pp. 37–62. Spyropoulos, T. G.