Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander (Routledge Sourcebooks for the Ancient World)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
In this revised edition, Matthew Dillon and Lynda Garland have expanded the chronological range of Ancient Greece to include the Greek world of the fourth century. The sourcebook now ranges from the first lines of Greek literature to the death of Alexander the Great, covering all of the main historical periods and social phenomena of ancient Greece. The material is taken from a variety of sources: historians, inscriptions, graffiti, law codes, epitaphs, decrees, drama and poetry. It includes the major literary authors, but also covers a wide selection of writers, including many non-Athenian authors. Whilst focusing on the main cities of ancient Greece - Athens and Sparta- the sourcebook also draws on a wide range of material concerning the Greeks in Egypt, Italy, Sicily, Asia Minor and the Black Sea.
Ancient Greece covers not only the chronological, political history of ancient Greece, but also explores the full spectrum of Greek life through topics such as gender, social class, race and labour. This revised edition includes:
- Two completely new chapters - "The Rise of Macedon" and "Alexander ′the Great′, 336-323" BC
- New material in the chapters on The City-State, Religion in the Greek World, Tyrants and Tyranny, The Peloponnesian War and its Aftermath, Labour: Slaves, Serfs and Citizens, and Women, Sexuality and the Family
It is structured so that:
- Thematically arranged chapters arranged allow students to build up gradually knowledge of the ancient Greek world
- Introductory essays to each chapter give necessary background to understand topic areas
- Linking commentaries help students understand the source extracts and what they reveal about the ancient Greeks
Ancient Greece: Social and Historical Documents from Archaic Times to the Death of Alexander the Great. Third Edition, will continue to be a definitive collection of source material on the society and culture of the Greeks.
numbers and not by merit, and this being so the majority must be the sovereign power, and whatever the majority decides must be the final decision and be just. Every one of the citizens, it is said, must be equal. In consequence, in democracies the poor have more power than the wealthy, as there are more of them and the decision of the majority is supreme. So this is one of the marks of liberty, which all democrats see as the distinguishing mark of their constitution: another is that everyone
to the prosecution. The speech dates to the mid-fourth century BC. According to this document Neaira’s full purchase price was thirty minas, or 3,000 drachmas. 18 Nikarete, the freedwoman of Charisios the Eleian and the wife of his cook Hippias, acquired these seven girls when they were young children. She was clever at spotting potential good looks in young girls and knew from experience how to bring them up and educate them, as she practised this as her profession and made her living from
both of Phaselis, 3,000 drachmas in silver for a voyage from Athens to Mende or Skione and from there to the Bosporos, or if they wish as far as Borysthenes on the left-hand side of the Black Sea, and from there back to Athens, at a rate of 225 drachmas per 1,000, but if they set sail from the Black Sea to the Hieron after the rising of Arcturus (the dog-star) at the rate of 300 per 1,000. This is on the security of 3,000 jars of wine from Mende, which will be transported from Mende or Skione in
permit this both to the best of my power and with the assistance of all, and I shall honour the ancestral shrines. Witnesses to this are the gods Aglauros, Hestia, Enyo, Enyalios, Ares and Athena Areia, Zeus, Thallo, Auxo, Hegemone, Herakles, the boundaries of my fatherland, wheat, 20 barley, vines, olive trees, fig trees. DIVINATION: OMENS AND ORACLES Before major undertakings the Greeks would consult the gods regarding their wishes and intentions for the future (see doc. 2.3). This was
my mother! Or shall I say this, as is mankind’s custom, Give back equal blessings on those who send these Wreaths — a return worthy of their crimes! 3.56 Inscriptiones Graecae I3 1179 II: The Dead at Potidaea, 432 bc Potidaea was one of the conflicts immediately prior to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War; the city revolted from Athens in 432 BC and was reduced two years later; this epitaph honours the Athenians who died in this campaign. [IG I2 945 II; Clairmont 1.174–77; Hansen 10.] Aether