Athenian Democratic Origins and other essays

Athenian Democratic Origins and other essays

G. E. M. de Ste. Croix

Language: English

Pages: 473


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This is a defense of the Athenian democracy by a great radical historian. Geoffrey de Ste. Croix shows how even its oddest features made sense, and illustrates the different factors influencing Athenian politics--for instance, trade and commercial interests mattered very little. Though written in the 1960s, these hitherto unpublished essays remain fresh and innovative.













accept Jones’s suggestion225 that in at any rate the fourth century there was a qualification for zeugite/hoplite status of 2,000 drachmae, the minimum amount of capital demanded by 222 See Isocr. XVII 41; also Lys. XXII 13, with 5 (c. 385 B.C.). In case anyone still hankers after the view that citizens had to make returns of their property (‘political-time¯mata’), so that each man’s telos might be decided, I would remark that the fact (which seems certain from Isocr. XVII 49) that movable

Sync., p. 399.21); cf. Plato, Critias 110CD. [The reality of a ‘Eupatrid order’ is doubted e.g. by Welwei, Athen, 108–9; cautious acceptance in J. K. Davies, OCD3, s.v. Eupatridai; Parker, AR, 63–5.] ii (from n. 12). Arist., Ath. Pol. 7.4 and 55.3 There is an obvious discrepancy between the forms of the question put to the candidate for office in Arist., Ath. Pol. 7.4 (line 16 OCT) and 55.3 (line 14 OCT): in the first passage it is in effect ‘Which of the tele¯ do you belong to?’ and in the

proof of this: see esp. Eliot, CDA. R. S. Young, in Hesp. 20 (1951) 135 ff., at pp. 140–3, has suggested that the boundaries of even the city demes were determined to some extent by important roadways. 32 ’ yB ’ en p ’ ’ gnvrimoyB ayto See Plato, Laws V 738de: oyffl me&izon oyd olei agau on, Z ‘ iB eiƒ nai [‘there is no greater benefit for the state than for the people to be known ayto& to one another’]. (Plato hoped the desired association would be achieved through cults.) Cf. VI 771de; also

corresponds to the facts of political life in Attica in the second quarter of the 6th century, I feel very uncertain. Too much confidence, in my opinion, is displayed in 83 The Constitution of Cleisthenes 155 course there was always a danger that Attica might once more be divided according to local loyalties, if not on this then on some other basis, unless the tribal system was deliberately designed to prevent it. By means of the trittyes, Cleisthenes introduced the necessary minimum of

speaks of ostracism as being introdued met a t Zn kat alysin tvn & tyr annvn tvn & peri Peisistraton [‘after the overthrow of the Peisistratid tyrants’] 4 These attribute the introduction of ostracism to the following: (a) Theseus. For the sources concerned see esp. Jac. ii 116 n. 26; Raubitschek, TO 78 n. 3. That Theophrastus was responsible for this theory was generally accepted down to Jac. i 311–12; ii 116 n. 26. Raubitschek, TO 78 n. 3, has maintained that here the word ’ ostrak izv

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