Early America (History of Fashion and Costume) (Volume 4)
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Describes the history of fashion of Native Americans, in both North and South America, and the British and French colonists of North America.
Early America covers the regions of South America, Central America, and North America, from the days of the earliest indigenous peoples until the arrival and settlement of colonies through the late 1700s. Beginning with the history of weaving in the Andes and the evolution of textiles, this highly illustrated guide discusses everything from ordinary Inca, Mayan, and Aztec clothing and ceremonial wear to early Native American tribes in North America to British and French colonial styles and their influence in the New World.
Coverage includes pilgrim garb, Quaker style, homespun fabric, Dutch Colonial costume, knickerbockers, native dress of African slaves, the cotton industry, the introduction of Spanish and Portuguese colonial costume, and the military uniforms of the French, British, and Revolutionary armies.
the world’s largest tropical rainforest, lived in small villages of fewer than a thousand people, or wandered as hunter-gatherers.The climate in the Amazon brought heavy rains and hot, steamy weather, and so the Amazonian people wore very little clothing. Instead, they used tattoos and body paint all over their bodies. Basic garments consisted of a small grass or cotton loincloth for a man or a short skirt that wrapped around the waist for a woman.They used the brilliantly colored feathers of
atmosphere the town leaders were prepared to convict women as witches on the basis of flimsy evidence. Bridget Bishop was the first woman tried in court for witchcraft, and she was accused on the basis of her beauty and her “showy costume.” Her black dress with a red bodice, bordered and looped with different-colored threads, was used as evidence against her. So was her visit to the town dyer, asking him to dye “sundry pieces of lace” of “long and immodest shapes.”The court searched her body for
neck. It was pinned at the shoulder and had points that hung down in the front. On their heads, Quaker women wore a white linen cap covered by a black hood. In the late-eighteenth century, they began to wear bonnets.The most popular style was a black “tunnel” bonnet with a brim that framed the face. Hodden Gray The Quakers of the Delaware Valley became known for their homespun, soft, gray fabric called “Hodden gray.” Hodden gray was one of the first textiles to be manufactured on a large scale
www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/ tutor/eurvoya INCAS www.nationalgeographic.com/ channel/inca 63 Index Amazonian people 33 aristocrats 14, 15 armor 22, 29, 31, 41 farmers 7 feathers 11, 21 furs 36, 37, 38, 42–43, 52 poor 18, 19, 55, 56, 57 Portuguese 5 priests 21, 24, 25, 31 bandeirantes 33 beards 45, 49 belts and sashes 8, 9, 15, 19, 38 blouses 13 bodices 45, 47, 56 body painting 33, 35, 36, 39, 41 body piercings 10, 15, 20–21, 33, 35 Brazil 32 breeches and leggings 31, 35, 37, 38, 39, 42,
37, 38, 39, 44, 45, 49 (both) Werner Forman Archive: 6, 7, 15 (top) Contents Introduction 5 Chapter 1: The Incas 6 Chapter 2: The Maya 12 Chapter 3: The Aztecs 16 Chapter 4: The Spanish and the Portuguese 26 Chapter 5: The Native Americans 34 Chapter 6: The British and French Colonies 40 Chapter 7: American Colonial Style 52 Timeline 60 Glossary 61 Further Information 62 Index 64 Introduction Throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, explorers left Europe to