Early Ontario (Images of America)
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George and William Chaffey, immigrants from Canada, founded a model colony in Southern California in 1882. They named their settlement Ontario, from an Iroquois term meaning beautiful water, not only to pay homage to their home province but to also draw other Canadians to their colony. Utilizing forward-thinking irrigation practices, the brothers laid out plots of land ready for colonists who wanted to farm or raise citrus groves. After just four years, the brothers left for Australia to develop more settlements and passed their model colony on to Charles Frankish and his partners of the Ontario Land and Improvement Company. From its earliest days, the colony became known for its citrus groves, Armstrong roses, Graber olives, Guasti grapes, and the Hotpoint iron. This book, which includes nearly 200 images, focuses on the colonys early development.
Roman god of wine. A swimming pool was added by a later owner. 82 The Church of San Secondo d’Asti was built between 1924 and 1926 for the residents of Guasti. While not an exact replica, the church was designed to resemble the 17th-century San Secondo d’Asti church in Guasti’s birthplace of Asti, in Italy’s Piedmont region. The Hispanic workers and their families who lived in the labor camp outside Guasti were welcomed but segregated, attending separate services from the Italian residents.
General Electric Ontario Works. Richardson continued as the general manager of the Ontario plant but died in 1934 due to poor health after a failed real estate endeavor in Adelanto. His Hotpoint legacy lived on until 1982, when General Electric closed the Ontario plant. 85 E.H. Richardson was born in Wisconsin in 1871 and, according to his sister Una, was a very energetic child. This energy often got him into trouble, but it was also what fueled an ability to work hard and complete any task he
to the area for work after Chinese exclusionary laws, the Alien Land Act of 1913, and the Immigration Act of 1917 were enacted. At first, migrant workers lived in labor camps set up in various agricultural areas of Ontario, Upland, and Cucamonga. Ontario’s La Colonia neighborhood, southeast of the city center, was established in the 1920s, when local Hispanic migration was in its infancy. So goes the development of the model colony, offering a glimpse into Ontario’s first few decades. Its early
was owned by Isaias W. Hellman and his Cucamonga Company, among other individual owners. To the south of the future site of Ontario was the Rancho Santa Ana del Chino, which, by the 1880s, was owned by Richard Gird, the founder of the town of Chino and owner of a large sugar beet factory. George Chaffey Sr. was born in Ohio but resided permanently in Ontario, Canada, where he engaged in various enterprises, including building ships designed for use on the Great Lakes. He retired in 1878 and moved
Association. The latter, based in Ontario, packed the Special Bear brand of fancy-grade oranges and lemons, as seen on the labels in this photograph. 46 The advent of citrus growers’ associations brought more and more opportunity. Packinghouses popped up throughout the area and employed men, women, and sometimes even children during harvest time. Women often worked in packinghouses, even in the early days, while men worked in the orchards. The San Antonio Orchard Company was founded by Charles