Encyclopedia of American History, Volumes 1-11 (Revised Edition)

Encyclopedia of American History, Volumes 1-11 (Revised Edition)

Gary B. Nash, Allan M. Winkler, Charlene Mires, John W. Jeffries

Language: English

Pages: 5195

ISBN: 2:00244251

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This book presents a thorough revision of the Award-winning set. Facts On File is proud to announce the revision of its award-winning 11-volume "Encyclopedia of American History", the landmark reference to American history from prehistoric times to the modern day. This extensive revision features more than 1,000 new and revised entries, as well as a thorough update of existing entries to reflect current research. In addition, a new insert of full-color maps has been added to each volume. Continuing to offer unparalleled depth and breadth of coverage, "Encyclopedia of American History, Revised Edition" provides a balanced presentation of the political, social, economic, and cultural events that have shaped the land and the nation. Each volume editor is a distinguished scholar of American history who has drawn upon the expertise of scores of specialists in writing individual, signed entries of outstanding quality. It meets National Standards for United States History. Ideal for students, teachers, and librarians, the first 10 expertly researched volumes in this authoritative set are arranged chronologically in accordance with the National Standards for United States History. The 11th volume contains the comprehensive set Index. It features content that is clear and easy to understand. Written in accessible language to facilitate students' understanding of each era, the easy-to-read text is enhanced by 750 photographs and 250 full-color and black-and-white maps. Detailed entries cover key events, movements, historical figures, trends, and political developments that define each particular era in American history. Addressing the need for historical literacy, the set is truly inclusive, casting a wide historical net across topics and eras and comprising many lesser-known but still influential figures and events. Key features enhance the set's reference value. It features accessible text and more than 3,300 detailed, fully cross-referenced entries; biographies of significant Americans in each era; a further reading section at the end of many of the signed entries; approximately 1,000 illustrations, including full-color and black-and-white maps, photographs, cartoons, and advertisements, that visually document each era; topical entries in each volume on related subjects such as art and architecture, business, economy, literature, and science and technology; a chronology and bibliography at the end of each volume; an appendix in each volume that contains excerpts of key documents of the era, an individual volume indexes, and a comprehensive set index.




















catechism for use with the indigenous population (published in the Doctrina Cristiana). After one year in Mexico, Acosta returned home to Spain in 1588, where he became an adviser to King Philip II. Acosta died in Salamanca in 1600. Further reading: Claudio M. Burgaleta, S.J., José de Acosta, S.J. (1540–1600): His Life and Thought (Chicago: Loyola Press, 1999); Jeffrey L. Klaiber, “The Posthumous Christianization of the Inca Empire in Colonial Peru,” Journal of the History of Ideas 37 (1976):

trade increased by some 800 percent. His subjects in the Americas were enthusiastic agents of expansion for a number of reasons. According to the chronicler Bernal Díaz del Castillo, participants in Cortés’s expeditions went to the New World “to serve God and His Majesty, to give light to those in darkness, and to get rich.” Castilians were the primary beneficiaries of the expansion into the Americas. In 1524 Charles opened colonization of the Indies to any inhabitant of his empire, but his

year it was first banned there by clerical officials who decried the behavior of those who drank it. Turks in Istanbul were drinking coffee by 1517, and it spread outward into Turkish regions. By 1600 coffee consumption was widespread within territory controlled by Muslims (see Islam). Europeans witnessed Arabs and Turks consuming coffee in the late 16th century. As the Augsburg physician Leonhard Rauwolf wrote in a book published in 1582, “they have a good drink which they greatly esteem. They

traveled to England in an unsuccessful effort to gain support for a voyage from King Henry VII. He also visited France, where he met the king’s sister, Anne de Beaujeu. While Bartholomew was traveling, Christopher obtained the support of Ferdinand and Isabella for his first voyage. By the time Bartholomew returned to Spain in 1493, Christopher had already returned from the Caribbean and had set sail on his second voyage. The Spanish monarchs gave Bartholomew command of three caravels. He sailed

hereditary. Columbus hoped to find a route to Asia when he began his first journey across the Atlantic, but he may also have been influenced by apocalyptic and millenarian religious ideas. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, prophecies about the end of the world circulated widely. Believers in prophecy expected that the end of the world would come at some point after Christians reconquered Jerusalem and converted unbelievers in other parts of the world. Events like the Reconquista seemed

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