Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, Volume 2: D-L
Pamela Korsmeyer, Henry R. Kranzler
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A follow-up to the 2001 award-winning second edition, the Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior, 3rd edition, will update and expand upon the social, medical, legal, and political issues related to drugs and alcohol and associated behaviors. The rapid pace of research in the fields of substance abuse and non-substance abuse addictions since publication of the 2nd edition warrants a new exploration of the field. In the MacMillan Reference USA tradition, a board of noted scholars in the fields of drugs, alcohol, and addiction bring new scholarship within the discipline to the set alongside discussion of topics often mentioned in today's media. Coverage of these concepts beyond the U.S. - through the European Union, Asia, and beyond - will significantly expand. Statistics throughout the set will be revisited and thoroughly updated, and the A-Z entry arrangement will be maintained. A robust cumulative index will complete the work.
refers to the continuum of signs and symptoms evidenced by infants born to substance dependent mothers. Prenatally, NAS primarily describes the physiological, psychological, and cognitive impacts of substance use/abuse on the developing fetus. These impacts may be apparent at, or shortly after, birth or may not be detected until the child is older and develops learning, medical, or behavioral difficulties. Whether born to heroin-addicted or methadonedependent women, most infants seem physically
also Alcohol: History of Drinking (International); Alcohol: History of Drinking in the United States; Legal Regulation of Drugs and Alcohol; Minimum Drinking Age Laws; Prevention; Social Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse; Tax Laws and Alcohol. BIBLIOGRAPHY Borkenstein, R. F. (1965). The role of the drinking driver in traffic accidents. Project of the Department of Police 26 Administration, Indiana University, initiated November 10, 1961. Distilled Spirits Council of the United States (DISCUS).
norepinephrine. Small DA-containing interneurons are found in the autonomic ganglia, retina, hypothalamus, and medulla. Long axon neurons are found in two extensive circuits: (1) the nigrostriatal pathway, which links the substantia nigra neurons to the basal ganglia neurons and regulates locomotor events; (2) the mesocortical and mesolimbic circuits (i.e., mesocorticolimbic system), which arise in the ventral tegmental area and project to the neocortex, limbic cortices, nucleus accumbens, and
and Drug Administration (FDA). DAWN is the responsibility of the Office of Applied Studies, a federal statistical unit within the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). DAWN was established in 1972 by the U. S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), primarily as a surveillance system for new drugs of abuse. In 1980 responsibility for DAWN was transferred to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). At HHS, DAWN was initially
Access to the patient samples as well as laboratory records must be restricted in order to prevent tampering with samples and results. To maintain confidentiality and assure proper interpretation of results, the results must be communicated only to the physician reviewing the case/patient. Chain of custody and all documents pertaining to the urine sample must be maintained so that they can be examined in case of a legal challenge. The laboratory must have a complete record on quality control.