Encyclopedia of the Ancient Greek World
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From science to religion, politics to mathematics, and art to medicine, there are very few areas of our modern lives that are not in some way affected by classical Greece. Encyclopedia of the Ancient Greek World provides interdisciplinary coverage of this influential civilization.
Athenian COUNCIL drew its members from each deme, in proportion to population. The demes’ headquarters maintained local census figures, with each male citizen formally enrolling on his 19th birthday. There were kept deeds of property and other legal documents and there “town meetings” were held. Further reading: C. William Eliot, Coastal Demes of Attika: A Study of the Policy of Kleisthenes (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962); John Traill, The Political Organization of Attica: A Study of
a “low-born” traitor and expressed despair at being excluded from the political life that was his birthright. Apparently Alcaeus went to EGYPT, perhaps as a mercenary soldier. (Meanwhile, his brother joined the army of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzer and took part in the campaign that captured Jerusalem in 597 B.C.E.) At some point Alcaeus and his friends planned to attack Mytilene and depose Pittacus, but the common people stood by their ruler. Supposedly Pittacus at last allowed Alcaeus to
C.E., which are providing invaluable information about the trade networks between Alexandria and the rest of the ancient Mediterranean. Numerous fragments of buildings and statues have also been discovered, including several colossal blocks that appear to come from the Pharos lighthouse. See also ASTRONOMY; HELLENISTIC AGE; MATHEMATICS; SCIENCE. Further reading: William La Riche, Alexandria: The Sunken City (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1996); Alexandria and Alexandrianism: Papers Delivered at
300s B.C.E., which produced the Greeks’ greatest intellectual and artistic achievements and most dramatic military conflicts. The 400s B.C.E. saw the Greeks’ triumphant defense of their homeland in the Persian Wars, followed by Athens’s rise as an imperial power. This was the wealthy, democratic Athens of the great names—the statesman Pericles, the tragedians Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the historian Thucydides, the sculptor Phidias, and the philosopher Socrates. In these years the
steed but was struck down by ZEUS, angered at the mortal’s HUBRIS. Like HERAKLES and other Greek heroes, Bellerophon was assigned a series of impossible-seeming tasks, which he accomplished. His adventures began when he resisted the advances of Anteia (or Stheneboea), the wife of King Proteus of ARGOS (or TIRYNS). Humiliated, she claimed he had tried to seduce her, and so Proteus sent him away with an encoded letter for the king of Lycia, in ASIA MINOR. The letter requested that the king kill the