Five Gentlemen of Japan The Portrait of a Nations Character

Five Gentlemen of Japan The Portrait of a Nations Character

Language: English

Pages: 373


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long run, however, the Confucian civil service proved too refined an article to be successfully imported. The clan feeling was far too deeply rooted in the Japanese- possibly because of their mixed origins, possibly because it is easier for factions to develop and continue in a country cruelly divided by mountains and unnavigable rivers. For the next nine centuries the history of Japan was a record of war and compromise, always with the pendulum swinging between the Chinese notion of a

domination of Japan. The clans were in open revolt against the Shogun, and there were too few troops and too scant popular support at his command to reassert any of his old authority. In 1867 the last Shogun, Tokugawa Keiki, publicly turned over his power to the young Emperor. After some confused last-ditch fighting between the Tokugawa supporters and the Imperialists, the change of government was completed. On January 25, 1868, Meiji formally began his new rule. His samurai and court advisors,

Kure and Maizuru, the northernmost of the four major Japanese naval bases. At Kure all the machinery in Shimizu's ammunition plant was British made. In the Meiji era, the Japanese 100 Five Gentlemen of Japan Government had hired British technicians to supervise operations there---=it was only a few years before he arrived. that the last British technicians had left. In the fall of 1923, Fumio Shimizu got a coveted chance to inspect the source of the machinery. the technicians and a major part

Inspector Honda had committed the cardinal sin. By the standards of the web society, such an affront to the Emperor, its guiding figure, was an offense against morality itself. Although guards were posted around his house, Honda made a desperate attempt at suicide-the only way a member of the web society could atone for such a misstep. He only wounded himself in the effort, but the resultant hospitalization forced the whole story into the open, after the newspapers had been kept frqm printing a

production on this and that type be started in Japan. War production plants began sprouting everywhere-in Yokohama. Kawasaki, Osaka and Tokyo. Nagoya, a sleepy-eyed provincial capital, became transformed, during those days, into a hub of factories producing airplanes, guns and motors. The pace of expansion reflected the strains of a newly industrialized country. Some factories had to be stocked with imported machinery from Germany or the United States. Others, like the Aichi Aircraft plant in

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