Galen and the World of Knowledge (Greek Culture in the Roman World)
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Galen is the most important medical writer in Graeco-Roman antiquity, and also extremely valuable for understanding Graeco-Roman thought and society in the second century AD. This volume of essays locates him firmly in the intellectual life of his period, and thus aims to make better sense of the medical and philosophical 'world of knowledge' that he tries to create. How did Galen present himself as a reader and an author in comparison with other intellectuals of his day? Above all, how did he fashion himself as a medical practitioner, and how does that self-fashioning relate to the performance culture of second-century Rome? Did he see medicine as taking over some of the traditional roles of philosophy? These and other questions are freshly addressed by leading international experts on Galen and the intellectual life of the period, in a stimulating collection that combines learning with accessibility.
times such comparison merely fulfils the purpose of justifying imprecise or overly elliptical expressions found in Hippocrates, which are Hipp.Epid. III XVIIA..– = CMG V..., .–. VIII..–.. Note the difference from the notion of ‘Asian’ (%sian»v) or ‘of Asian origin’ (%siagenv) used by the grammatical tradition: here ‘Asian’ is always opposed to ‘Attic’ and tends to be labelled as barbarism: see Latte : – and n. . XVIIIB..–.. Galen also
VII.–. See the introductions to their editions and translations; CMG V.. (); and the Bud´e edition, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, . For the former, see the English translation by Mattock , with the important additions by Zonta : –, –. For the latter, Boudon-Millot b: esp. –, –. Ind. , . The long quotation ascribed to Ind. by the Jewish moralist Ibn Falaquera does not appear in the new text, and seems to be a conflation of the famous anecdotes about
second sentence, however, we begin to see that the picture is more complicated, and that Galen’s reasons for hesitation are very different from those of Nicomachus or Quintilian, based not on self-deprecation but on worries about the state of society. He proceeds to detail these at great length, criticising the ignorance and frivolity of his contemporaries in vivid terms, in ways which recall similar tirades elsewhere in his work. He then turns in . to an attack on Thessalus, who founded
physiological disquisitions in Rome was Aristotelian. This is the Greek senatorial circle surrounding the philosopher Eudemus, with whom Galen scored an outstanding prognostic success, winning massive bragging rights over his colleagues and rivals soon after his arrival in the imperial city. This set included not just Boethus but also Paullus, soon to be Urban Prefect; Severus, who would be consul and Marcus Aurelius’ son-in-law; Barbarus, the uncle of the emperor Lucius (though his school
Nutton), and Nutton pp. – (ad loc.). See Smith : –; Manetti and Roselli : –; Ihm : – (no. ); Boudon-Millot, a: n. . See Gal., Hipp.Epid. III (CMG V....–, .–, .–, .– Pfaff ), for allusions to his commentaries on Mul., Oct., and Nat. Puer; Ihm : (no. ), – (no. , ), and, on a commentary by Galen on Genit., p. (no. ). For possible references to his commentaries on Aff. and Morb. I-III, see HVA ., .