Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda
Martin J. Manning
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From the French and Indian War in 1754, with Benjamin Franklin's Join or Die cartoon, to the present war in Iraq, propaganda has played a significant role in American history. The Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda provides more than 350 entries, focusing primarily on propaganda created by the U.S. government throughout its existence. Two specialists, one a long-time research librarian at the U.S. Information Agency (the USIA) and the State Department's Bureau of Diplomacy, and the other a former USIA Soviet Disinformation Officer, Martin J. Manning and Herbert Romerstein bring a profound knowledge of official U.S. propaganda to this reference work. The dictionary is further enriched by a substantial bibliography, including films and videos, and an outstanding annotated list of more than 105 special collections worldwide that contain material important to the study of U.S. propaganda.
Students, researchers, librarians, faculty, and interested general readers will find the Historical Dictionary of American Propaganda an authoritative ready-reference work for quick information on a wide range of events, publications, media, people, government agencies, government plans, organizations, and symbols that provided mechanisms to promote America's interests, both abroad and domestically, in peace and in war. Almost all entries conclude with suggestions for further research, and the topically arranged bibliography provides a further comprehensive listing of important resources, including films and videos.
his CPI experiences in How We Advertised America: The First Telling of the Amazing Story of the Committee on Public Information that Carried the Gospel of Americanism to Every Corner of the Globe (New York: Arno Press, 1972) and War, the World and Wilson (1920). After CPI was abolished, Creel wrote books on popular history, such as War Criminals and Punishment (1944), edited a column for Collier's in the 1930s, and was appointed chairman, National Advisory Board, Works Progress Administration
his Committee on Public Information (CPI) wielded over wartime propaganda policy, often at odds with President Wilson. Subsequently, OWI was curtailed by President Franklin Roosevelt, who was determined not to have another CPI, and it came under constant Congressional attack, often with Davis caught in the middle of policy battles with both the White House and the U.S. Congress over propaganda dissemination in both the domestic and foreign divisions. After the war, Davis became an ABC broadcaster
(North American Service) DE LEON, EDWIN (May 4, 1818-December 1, 1891). Diplomat and propagandist Edwin De Leon was born in Columbia, South Carolina. H e was a newspaper editor in Savannah, Georgia, and in Washington, D C , until President Franklin Pierce appointed him Consul General and Diplomatic Agent in Egypt in 1854, a position he held until 1 8 6 1 , when he became a publicity agent in Europe 82 De Lome Letter for the Confederacy. He was not as successful a propagandist as his Union
Oscar winner (1964), while three others won Oscar nominations for best documentary. In this same period, USIA also won awards at international film festivals (Bilbao, Cannes, Venice). The continuing cooperation between the motion picture industry and the federal government was evident in features and numerous patriotic shorts made by Hollywood studios to demonstrate their patriotism. During the Vietnam Conflict, USIA and other filmmakers produced documentaries that displayed viewpoints on both
Lincoln formulated a wellplanned attack that would have the most diverse consequences for the progress of the war, depending on what psychological effects it had on several different groups. These included: the white population of the Confederate states, the slave population of the Southern states, the white population in the slave states still on the side of the North ("border" states), the politically influential Northern abolitionists, Northerners opposed to challenging Southern slavery, and