Historical Dictionary of Ancient Greek Philosophy (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)
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The ancient Greeks were not only the founders of western philosophy, but the actual term "philosophy" is Greek in origin, most likely dating back to the late sixth century BC. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Euclid, and Thales are but a few of the better-known philosophers of ancient Greece. During the amazingly fertile period running from roughly the middle of the first millennium BC to the middle of the first millennium AD, the world saw the rise of science, numerous schools of thought, and—many believe—the birth of modern civilization.
This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Ancient Greek Philosophy covers the history of Greek philosophy through a chronology, an introductory essay, a glossary, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1500 cross-referenced entries on important philosophers, concepts, issues, and events. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Greek philosophy.
called On the Egyptian Mysteries, but in fact it is a direct, point-bypoint, critique of Porphyry’s arguments and is called The Reply of Abammon, who is represented as Anebo’s superior. 18 • INTRODUCTION In about 305, Iamblichus returned to Apamea to direct the school there for the remainder of his life. There, he taught Dexippus, who wrote a commentary on Aristotle’s Categories, part of which survives, and Aedesius, who went on to teach at Pergamum. Returning to Rome, for a moment, we should
was necessary to posit multiple rotating spheres in which the center of one sphere is on the surface of another. In Metaphysics XII, Aristotle suggests that there are perhaps 55 such self-moving (rotating) spheres to account for the motions of the heavenly bodies. For the Stoics, the order of the universe is the direct consequence of the immanence of God and the mind of God throughout the universe at all levels of complexity. There is a certain identity between God and the Cosmos—God may be
the only evidence for a significant portion of their work. See also AETIUS; ARIUS DIDYMUS; CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA; DIOGENES LAERTIUS; HIPPOLYTUS; STOBAEUS; THEOPHRASTUS OF ERESUS. DREAM. See ONEIROS. DYAS. Dyad. In Pythagorean philosophy, the principle of duality (see Aristotle Metaphysics I.5, 986a). According to Aristotle, Plato and 94 • DYNAMIS, DYNAMEIS his followers generate numbers from the one and the “indefinite dyad” (Metaph. XIV.3, 1090b). In Phys. III, 206b, Aristotle seems to take
active power works on the appropriate passive power an energeia results. Aristotle gives many examples of this form of analysis: if the active power present in the male semen comes into contact with the passive potentiality present in a developing chicken egg, the activity of embryological development of a chick results. If an active carpenter chooses to work with a pile of passive lumber, the activity of housebuilding may result. The energeia participates in the end (telos). See also
purposive explanations. Galen was a diligent student of formal and informal logic, often using his linguistic skill to score points against his adversaries; he expected physicians to use logic and scientific methodology in trying to understand the illnesses with which they were confronted and in developing treatment plans. Philosophically, perhaps his greatest contribution was to the development of a theoretical foundation for medicine, and more generally, to the development of scientific method