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Translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt with an introduction and Notes by John M. Marincola.
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 When the Amphictyons contracted to build the present temple at Delphi, after the earlier one had accidentally burnt down, the Delphians undertook to provide a quarter of the funds. Delphian delegations travelled from place to place on a fund-raising tour, and the most generous response to this appeal of theirs came from Egypt. Amasis gave them a thousand talents of alum, and the Greek community in Egypt gave them twenty minas of alum.  Amasis also entered into a treaty of friendship
while maintaining the law. So Cambyses married the sister he was in love with then, but a short while later he also took another one of his sisters to be his wife. It was the younger of these two sisters who had gone with him to Egypt and whom he killed.  There are two alternative accounts of her death, just as there are about Smerdis. The Greek version is that Cambyses pitted a lion cub against a young dog, and that this wife of his was one of the spectators at the fight. The puppy was
was right to have said in his poem that custom is king of all.  At the same time as Cambyses’ campaign against Egypt, the Lacedaemonians attacked Samos, where Polycrates the son of Aeaces had overthrown the government and taken power. At first he had divided the town into three parts and shared it with his brothers Pantagnotus and Syloson, but later he had put Pantagnotus to death and banished his youngest brother Syloson, so that he was in complete control of Samos. Then he formed ties of
(signifying the importance they give to the fleet, after Salamis?). H honours Leotychidas with a genealogy, as he has Leonidas (7.204), although Leotychidas’ later career is less glorious; cf. the end of n. 6.61–72. For the energetic prosecution of the war in Ionia under Leotychidas’ command later in the spring of 479 BCE, see 9.90–106. An echo of Ionian irritation at the timidity of the mainlanders can be found in the comment about the Pillars of Heracles in ch. 132. Strattis (132) must be
and ruled over it. The Medes consist of the following tribes: the Busae, Paretacenians, Struchates, Arizanti, Budians, and Magi. These are all the tribes of the Medes there are.  Deioces ruled for fifty-three years and then, after his death, his son Phraortes succeeded to the kingdom. Phraortes, however, was not satisfied with ruling Media alone. He made war on Persia, which was only the first country he attacked—and the first he made a subject state. Afterwards, with two strong peoples