Mark A. Davis
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With the exception of climate change, biological invasions have probably received more attention during the past ten years than any other ecological topic. Yet this is the first synthetic, single-authored overview of the field since Williamson's 1996 book. Written fifty years after the publication of Elton's pioneering monograph on the subject, Invasion Biology provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the science of biological invasions while also offering new insights and perspectives relating to the processes of introduction, establishment, and spread. The book connects science with application by describing the health, economic, and ecological impacts of invasive species as well as the variety of management strategies developed to mitigate harmful impacts. The author critically evaluates the approaches, findings, and controversies that have characterized invasion biology in recent years, and suggests a variety of future research directions. Carefully balanced to avoid distinct taxonomic, ecosystem, and geographic (both investigator and species) biases, the book addresses a wide range of invasive species (including protists, invertebrates, vertebrates, fungi, and plants) which have been studied in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial environments throughout the world by investigators equally diverse in their origins.
This accessible and thought-provoking text will be of particular interest to graduate level students and established researchers in the fields of invasion biology, community ecology, conservation biology, and restoration ecology. It will also be of value and use to land managers, policy makers, and other professionals charged with controlling the negative impacts associated with recently arrived species.
different species, high species-richness cies, or ‘transformer species’, which was proposed will increase the probability that key species will to describe such effects by non-native species be present. This emphasizes the point that, from (Richardson et al. 2000a). (In addition to describing an ecosystem perspective, it may not be as import- impacts on the physical structure of the environ- ant that introduced species increase or decrease ment, the term ‘transformer species’ was
mosquitoes: effects on resident species and on human CR Veitch and MN Clout, ed. Turning the tide: the eradi- health. Ecology Letters, 8, 558–574. cation of invasive species, pp. 132–140. IUCN SSC Invasive Julien MH, ed. (1992). Biological control of weeds: a world Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland catalogue of agents and their target weeds, 3rd edition. and Cambridge, UK. CAB International, Oxon, UK. Kideys AE (2002) The comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Karatayev
spread. Thus, persist- constraints. In addition, until recently, few SDMs ence and spread can be characterized as emergent incorporated dispersal dynamics. It seems quite properties at the population and metapopula- clear that if SDMs are to have any good chance of tion level, both arising from the two individual- predicting future spread of non-native invasive based processes of dispersal and establishment. species, dispersal dynamics need to be included Following establishment, a
refer to flora and fauna that was taking place. For example, them as non-native invasive species. 6 I N T R O D U C T I O N he noted the spread of American Opuntia cactus impacts of non-native insects, while at the same throughout Europe, the Middle East, and northern time generally endorsing a balance of nature para- Africa by the mid-nineteenth century (Humboldt digm for the study of ecology. Cadotte pointed out 1850). that this dissociation portended similar dynamics More formal
biology requires both a distinct conceptual frame- write a preface to the British edition of Carson’s work and research approach (Davis et al. 2001). book, but Elton declined. Cadotte (2006) made a good case that roots of this Six years following the publication of Elton’s dissociation extended back earlier in the century, book, the International Union of Biological although not all earlier ecologists operated this Scientists (IUBS) held their first Biological way, e.g. Volney Spalding