Native American History for Kids: With 21 Activities (For Kids series)
Karen Bush Gibson
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
As the first Americans, hundreds of indigenous bands and nations already lived in North America when European explorers first set out to conquer an inhabited land. This book captures the early history of these complex societies and their 500-year struggle to survive against all odds from war, displacement, broken treaties, and boarding schools. Not only a history of tribal nations, Native American History for Kids also includes profiles of famous Native Americans and their many contributions, from early leaders to superstar athlete Jim Thorpe, dancer Maria Tallchief, astronaut John Herrington, author Sherman Alexie, actor Wes Studi, and more.
Readers will also learn about Indian culture through hands-on activities, such as planting a Three Sisters garden (corn, squash, and beans), making beef jerky in a low-temperature oven, weaving a basket out of folded newspaper strips, deciphering a World War II Navajo Code Talker message, and playing Ball-and-Triangle, a game popular with Penobscot children. And before they are finished, readers will be inspired to know that the history of the Native American people is the history of all Americans.
New Eng- hole and tie a knot. Tie the other end of the land area once played Ball-and-Triangle. The string around the ball and knot it. Use tape to game used a triangular piece of birch bark with secure the string to the ball. a hole cut in the center. A string was attached To play Ball-and-Triangle, hold one end of the to one corner of the bark. The other end of the triangle (not the end with the string). Swing the string was attached to the ball. The object of the ball upward to let
European exploration, particularly the British and the Spanish. Ponce de Leon, Hernando de Soto, and Coronado all forced slavery upon Native Americans. Later settlers used Native American slaves as forced labor on plantations in the southeastern United States and in the Caribbean West Indies. Until 1720, tens of thousands of Native Americans were enslaved. Some were captives from Native American conflicts who were sold to the British. While some Native American slavery continued later into the
the government changed the law to include all land belonging to Native Americans. Land in Indian Territory not claimed under the Dawes Act was considered surplus and renamed Oklahoma Territory. It was then opened up to homesteaders by “runs.” Over 50,000 people moved into Oklahoma Territory on the first land run on April 22, 1889. When the gun fired at noon, people ran to the land they wanted and staked a claim. Three more land runs were held during the next six years until the government then
native language or as “vocables,” syllables and chants easily taught to people of other tribes. The “Grand Entry” signals the beginning of the dancing. Dancers enter the arena, following the Head Man Dancer and the Head Lady Dancer, people chosen by the host of the pow wow for their abilities and personal qualities. Every dance has a purpose or name. Some dances are limited to certain families, tribes, or a type of dance. “Fancy dancing” is when men, and occasionally women, dance dressed in
also Hopi; Zuni ancient civilizations as, 1–4, 2, 3, 4 culture and lifestyle, 17, 17, 64–65 location, 15m tribal members, notable, 108 Puritans, 35 !! Q Quinnipiac, 35 !! reservations conditions on, 75, 90, 95–96 corruption and civil rights conflicts at, 95–98 environmental concerns on, 105 first, 35 income statistics, 89 Indian removal and relocation to, 59, 68, 69–70, 73 living location statistics, 89 relocation from, 90–91 respect, 31, 104 revolts, 24 Ridge, John, 62 Ridge, John Rollin, 64