Pearl Harbor: Final Judgement: The Shocking True Story of the Military Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbor and the Fourteen Men Responsible for the Disaster
Bruce Lee, Henry C. Clausen
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“We might have possessed the genius to break the Purple code, but in 1941 we didn’t have the brains to know what to do with it.” —Henry C. Clausen, special investigator for secretary of war Henry L. Stimson
On December 6, 1941, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, commander in chief of the United States Pacific Fleet, assured his staff that the Japanese would not attack Pearl Harbor. The next morning, Japanese carriers steamed toward Hawaii to launch one of the most devastating surprise attacks in the history of war, proving the admiral disastrously wrong. Immediately, an investigation began into how the American military could have been caught so unaware.
The results of the initial investigation failed to implicate who was responsible for this intelligence debacle. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, realizing that high-ranking members of the military had provided false testimony, decided to reopen the investigation by bringing in an unknown major by the name of Henry C. Clausen. Over the course of ten months, from November 1944 to September 1945, Clausen led an exhaustive investigation. He logged more than fifty-five thousand miles and interviewed over one hundred military and civilian personnel, ultimately producing an eight-hundred-page report that brought new evidence to light. Clausen left no stone unturned in his dogged effort to determine who was truly responsible for the disaster at Pearl Harbor.
Pearl Harbor: Final Judgement reveals all of the eye-opening details of Clausen’s investigation and is a damning account of massive intelligence failure. To this day, the story surrounding the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor stokes controversy and conspiracy theories. This book provides conclusive evidence that shows how the US military missed so many signals and how it could have avoided the events of that fateful day.
Japanese Cypher Machines: Security Measures. No. 098313 Date: 29th November 1941 From: The Foreign Minister, TOKYO. TO: BERNE, WASHINGTON, etc. No: 2398 (Circular telegram). Date: 25th November 1941 Most Secret: Recently our cypher machines (the printing portion of “A” and the shift key of “B”) have been designated as a State Secret. Any leakage of information connected therewith will incur the application of the National Defense Peace Preservation Law. As regards the machine in your
79716-46-Ex. 148–10 b. Colonel Bratton had testified that he wrote the 5 December 1941 message from G-2, War Department to G-2, Hawaiian Department, requesting that Commander Rochefort be contacted regarding a “Winds” broadcast. Colonel Dusenbury and Colonel Pettigrew stated in affidavits that this message was written by them. c. Colonel Bratton testified that the thirteen parts of the Japanese reply to Hull, called by some witnesses a Japanese declaration of war, intercepted 6 December 1941,
Hawaiian problem has been that if no serious harm is done us during the first six hours of known hostilities, thereafter the existing defenses would discourage an enemy against the hazard of an attack. The risk of sabotage and the risk involved in a surprise raid by air and by submarine, constitute the real perils of the situation. * * * Please keep clearly in mind in all your negotiations that our mission is to protect the base and the Naval concentration. * * *.” (APHB 13–17) “* * * As I say,
General Cramer; within twenty-four hours, I had on my desk, a “Memorandum for Major Henry C. Clausen, JAGD” that outlined the type of questions I would ask and pursue at my discretion, only now the questions were those of Cramer, the Judge Advocate General, himself. Needless to say, they gave me the opportunity to lift up the corner of any carpet I might find to see if there was dirt hidden underneath. But now for the hole in the doughnut. The more I read the record of the Army Board hearings,
the Washington command, who then punished Rochefort by bringing him back from his all-important combat command in Hawaii to give him an insultingly unimportant assignment. (It was only when Admiral Layton published his book, And I Was There, which made the front page of the Sunday New York Times on November 17, 1985, that Rochefort’s accomplishments were recognized officially. The Navy posthumously awarded him the Distinguished Service Medal, which the President presented to his widow.) Anyway,