Progymnasmata: Greek Textbooks of Prose Composition and Rhetoric (Writings from the Greco-Roman World)

Progymnasmata: Greek Textbooks of Prose Composition and Rhetoric (Writings from the Greco-Roman World)

Language: English

Pages: 256

ISBN: 158983061X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

For students of classical, medieval, and early modern literature and of the history of education, Kennedy (classics emeritus, U. of North Carolina-Chapel Hill) presents and comments on four Greek treatises for teaching prose composition and elementary rhetoric. They were written during the time of the Roman Empire and studied throughout the Byzanti
















minor changes in content and added brief Latin illustrations from Terence, Sallust, Virgil, and Cicero. Priscian’s work implies that the exercises were being taught in his time to Latin-speaking students; his handbook was preserved in manuscripts with his other works and had some use in the Middle Ages and later.  See E. R. Curtius, European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages, trans. by W. R. Trask (Princeton University Press, ), p. ; J. J. Murphy, Rhetoric in chp2.qxd 1/7/2003

leading candidate for author of this work. When he lived can only be approximately determined. The latest authors to whom he refers are (ch. ) Theodorus of Gadara and (ch. ) Dionysius of Halicarnassus, indicating he was writing no earlier than the late first century B.C. Quintilian cites the views of a certain Theon on stasis theory (..) and of “Theon the Stoic” on figures of speech (..). If either of these references is to the author of the progymnasmata, he must have been active

himself; beginning in the next paragraph he will also use it to include students.  chp1.qxd 1/7/2003  10:50 AM Page 4 PROGYMNASMATA can say, for example, that mythos is “fictitious discourse imaging truth”; and we have made clear their differences from each other, and we have included starting points (aphormai) for each of the compositions, and we have further shown how one might make use of each most carefully. [] There is no secret about how these exercises are very useful for

this are far from hitting on what is right. Thought is not moved by any one thing in only one way so as to express the idea (phantasia) that has occurred to it in a similar form, but it is stirred in a number of different ways, and sometimes we are making a declaration, sometimes asking a question, sometimes making an inquiry, sometimes beseeching, and sometimes expressing our thought in some other way. There is nothing to prevent what is imagined from being expressed equally well in all these

Byzantine writers on rhetoric do, to bring in references to Christian orators or to Christian doctrine. He copies from his sources without comment passages that are clearly pagan in content. His commentary is classicizing, atticizCf. Kennedy, Greek Rhetoric Under Christian Emperors, pp. –. E.g., references to “the gods” in the list of theses, p. ,ff. ed. Rabe; cf. also reference to gods, below, pp. , –, , , etc.   chp5.qxd 1/7/2003  10:52 AM Page 174

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