The Athenian Constitution: (Aristotle Masterpiece Collection)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
...[They were tried] by a court empanelled from among the noble families, and sworn upon the sacrifices. The part of accuser was taken by Myron. They were found guilty of the sacrilege, and their bodies were cast out of their graves and their race banished for evermore. In view of this expiation, Epimenides the Cretan performed a purification of the city.
dominant persisted, though it gradually declined. As the masses increased, Ephialtes son of Sophonides became champion of the people, a man who appeared to be uncorrupt and upright in political matters. He attacked the council of the Areopagus. (2) First he eliminated many of its members, bringing them to trial for their conduct in office. Then in the archonship of Conon [462/1] he took away from the council all the accretions which gave it its guardianship of the constitution, giving some to the
and the tribal heads try charges against inanimate objects and animals also. 58 (1) The polemarch performs the sacrifices to Artemis of the Wild and to Enyalius, organizes the funeral contest for those who died in war, and performs the heroes’ rites to Harmodius and Aristogiton. (2) Only private lawsuits fall to him, those involving metics, men of equal obligations and proxeni. His duty is to take these suits, divide them in ten and assign to each tribe its allotted share; the justices acting
murder of Hipparchus, Aristogiton was tortured and revealed the names of other plotters, one version being ascribed to ‘democratic writers’ and the other simply to ‘others’. In 28.5, at the end of a list of democratic and aristocratic leaders, we read that Thucydides, Nicias and Theramenes, the last three of the aristocratic leaders, were the best of the more recent politicians; almost all agree about the first two, but opinion is divided over Theramenes: ‘However, the judgement of those who are
all four divisions. Some editors retain the papyrus’s ‘when it becomes possible for the citizens…’, but it is hard to see what that would mean. 32.1 Probably the constitutional documents were approved not by an assembly but by the Four Hundred: Aristomachus may have been in the chair at that meeting of the Four Hundred, or at the Colonus assembly. On the first of the two dates given (9 June) the democratic council was dissolved, and the Four Hundred took over de facto; on the second (17 June)
Decree (psephisma). Resolution taken by vote, especially in the council and assembly. In the fourth century Athens distinguished between (superior) laws, enacted by a special procedure (see p. 89), and (inferior) decrees, and this distinction underlies what is said of laws in 26.2 and of decrees in 41.2. Delian League. Modern name for the alliance made by Athens to continue fighting against Persia after the war against Xerxes, which Athens came increasingly to treat as an empire, and which