The Basic Works of Aristotle (Modern Library Classics)

The Basic Works of Aristotle (Modern Library Classics)


Language: English

Pages: 1520

ISBN: 0375757996

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Preserved by Arabic mathematicians and canonized by Christian scholars, Aristotle’s works have shaped Western thought, science, and religion for nearly two thousand years. Richard McKeon’s The Basic Works of Aristotle–constituted out of the definitive Oxford translation and in print as a Random House hardcover for sixty years–has long been considered the best available one-volume Aristotle. Appearing in paperback at long last, this edition includes selections from the Organon, On the Heavens, The Short Physical Treatises, Rhetoric, among others, and On the Soul, On Generation and Corruption, Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, and Poetics in their entirety.




















a rule, we chiefly mean by a thing’s being destroyed by time. (25) Still, time does not work even this change; even this sort of change takes place incidentally in time. We have stated, then, that time exists and what it is, and in how many senses we speak of the ‘now’, and what ‘at some time’, ‘lately’, ‘presently’ or ‘just’, ‘long ago’, and ‘suddenly’ mean. 14 These distinctions having been drawn, (30) it is evident that every change and everything that moves is in time; for the distinction

common to both things (to that which is coming-to-be and to that which passed-away), (15) e. g. ‘body’, and this grows. The water has not grown, nor has the air: but the former has passed-away and the latter has come-to-be, and—if anything has grown—there has been a growth of ‘body’. Yet this too is impossible. For our account of growth must preserve the characteristics of that which is growing and diminishing. And these characteristics are three: (i) any and every part of the growing magnitude

numbers? 3. Difficulties in the various theories of number. The Pythagoreans ascribe generation to numbers, which are eternal. 4. The relation between the first principles and the good. 5. How is number supposed to be derived from its elements? How is it the cause of substances? 6. The causal agency ascribed to numbers is purely fanciful. METAPHYSICA (Metaphysics) BOOK A (I) 1 All men by nature desire to know. [980a] An indication of this is the delight we take in our senses;

nothing will be either cold or hot or sweet or perceptible at all if people are not perceiving it; so that the upholders of this view will have to maintain the doctrine of Protagoras.8 [1047a] But, (5) indeed, nothing will even have perception if it is not perceiving, i. e. exercising its perception. If, then, that is blind which has not sight though it would naturally have it, when it would naturally have it and when it still exists, the same people will be blind many times in the day—and deaf

whose inherence is in question; e. g. to prove through a middle C that A does not inhere in B the premisses required are, all B is C, no C is A. (5) Then if it has to be proved that no C is A, a middle must be found between A and C; and this procedure will never vary. (2) If we have to show that E is not D by means of the premisses, all D is C; no E, or not all E,41 is C; then the middle will never fall beyond E, and E is the subject of which D is to be denied in the conclusion. (3) In the

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