The Civil War: The Final Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Library of America, Volume 250)

The Civil War: The Final Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Library of America, Volume 250)

Language: English

Pages: 744

ISBN: 1598532944

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Additional contributors: John H. Stringfellow, Henry Highland Garnet, Emma LeConte, Luther Rice Mills, Frederick Douglass, Charles Sumner, Frances Johnson, Clarissa Burdett, Sallie Brock, William Gordon McCabe, Thomas Morris Chester, Elizabeth Keckly, Sarah Morgan, Jefferson Davis, Stephen Minot Weld, Gordon Granger

This final installment of the highly acclaimed four-volume series traces events from March 1864 to June 1865. It provides an incomparable portrait of a nation at war with itself, while illuminating the military and political events that brought the Union to final victory, and slavery and secession to their ultimate destruction. Here are more than 150 letters, diary entries, memoir excerpts, speeches, articles, messages, and poems by over a hundred participants and observers, both famous and unsung, including Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglass, Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, Harriet Jacobs, Henry Adams, Elizabeth Keckly, and George Templeton Strong, as well as Union and Confederate soldiers; women diarists from North and South; and freed slaves. The selections include vivid and haunting firsthand accounts of legendary battles and campaigns— the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, the Atlanta campaign, the Crater, Franklin, Sherman’s march through Georgia and the Carolinas—as well as of the desperate conditions inside Andersonville prison; the sinking of the Confederate raider Alabama; the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment; and the struggles of both black and white civilians to survive the harsh and violent downfall of the Confederacy.

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confess I was glad our men took the cars, and Lucille and Blandy came back—cars ride better than horses and go faster—What do our black people think of the hubbub and near approach of the Yankees—when they come, if ever, such as wish to go with them are welcome—those of the men who do not should take to the woods—for they will seize every one of them and enroll them in their army to meet such fates as the poor creatures at Ft Pillow and the other day at Petersburg—They force every negro man they

the word liberty may mean for each man to do as he pleases with himself, and the product of his labor; while with others the same word may mean for some men to do as they please with other men, and the product of other men’s labor. Here are two, not only different, but incompatable things, called by the same name—liberty. And it follows that each of the things is, by the respective parties, called by two different and incompatable names—liberty and tyranny. The shepherd drives the wolf from the

bad. He was sent up to Washington, was receiv’d in ward C, Armory-square hospital, March 28th—the wound became worse, and on the 4th of April the leg was amputated a little above the knee—the operation was perform’d by Dr. Bliss, one of the best surgeons in the army—he did the whole operation himself—there was a good deal of bad matter gather’d—the bullet was found in the knee. For a couple of weeks afterwards he was doing pretty well. I visited and sat by him frequently, as he was fond of having

Continued his advocacy of racial equality and women’s rights after the Civil War. Served as U.S. marshal for the District of Columbia, 1877–81, and as its recorder of deeds, 1881–86. Published Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881). After the death of his wife Anna, married Helen Pitts in 1884. Served as minister to Haiti, 1889–91. Died in Washington, D.C. Samuel Francis Du Pont (September 27, 1803–June 23, 1865) Born in Bergen Point, New Jersey, the son of a former French diplomat. Moved

and robbed three banks in St. Albans, Vermont, killing one citizen and escaping back into Canada with $200,000. 497.26–27 The act passed . . . encouragement of emigration] Passed on July 4, 1864, the act established a commissioner of immigration within the State Department and authorized labor contracts under which emigrants could pledge up to twelve months of their future wages to pay for transportation. 501.18 creating the new rank of vice-admiral] Congress established the rank on December

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