The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age (Revealing Antiquity)

The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age (Revealing Antiquity)

Language: English

Pages: 238

ISBN: 067464364X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The splendid culture of the ancient Greeks has often been described as emerging like a miracle from a genius of its own, owing practically nothing to its neighbors. Walter Burkert offers a decisive argument against that distorted view, pointing toward a balanced picture of the archaic period "in which, under the influence of the Semitic East--from writers, craftsmen, merchants, healers--Greek culture began its unique flowering, soon to assume cultural hegemony in the Mediterranean.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

n the classical p e r i o d , w h i c h had been contested b y E. J . and L . Edelstein, Asclepius I I (1945) 52-63, was p r o v e d b y an i n s c r i p t i o n f r o m D e l p h i ; see J . Bousquet, " D e l p h e s et les Asclepiades," BCH 80 (1956) 579-593; SEG 16 n o . 326; M . Gamberale, "Ricerche sul G E N O S degli A s clepiadi," RAL 33 (1978) 8 3 - 9 5 ; S. M . S h e r w i n - W h i t e , Ancient Cos (1978) 257-263. Asclepiads are m e n t i o n e d b y Plato Prot. 311b, Rep. 408b, Phdr.

Kleinasiens (1957 ) pis. 11, 2 1 . M a r i : M . R u t t e n , RA 35 (1938) 3 6 - 7 0 . A l a l a k h : L . Woolley, Alalakh (1955) 2 5 0 - 2 5 7 p l . 59. Tell el H a j j : R. A . Stucky, 2 181 NOTES TO PAGES 4 8 - 4 9 AK 16 (1973) 84 p i . 15.2; U g a r i t : Ugaritica V I (1969) 91-119; cf. 165-179; O . L o r e t z , Leberschau Siindenbock Azazel in Ugarit und Israel (1985). H a z o r : B . Landsberger and H . T a d m o r , Israel Explor.J. 14 (1964) 201-218. M e g g i d o : H . T.

o u p l e . B u t T e t h y s is i n n o w a y an active f i g u r e i n G r e e k m y t h o l o g y . I n c o n t r a s t t o the sea g o d dess T h e t i s ( w i t h w h o m she was s o m e t i m e s confused even i n a n t i q u i t y ) , she has n o established c u l t s , a n d n o o n e h a d a n y t h i n g f u r t h e r t o t e l l a b o u t her. She a p p a r e n t l y exists o n l y b y v i r t u e o f the H o m e r i c passage; h o w she came t o achieve the h o n o r e d p o s i t i o

r i s h e d , h a d n o t t h e d a u g h t e r o f Z e u s s h a r p l y n o t i c e d this . . . " 1 6 I n this perspective the Praeneste b o w l a n d its c o u n t e r p a r t a l l o w the n o t i o n o f H o m e r i c p o e t r y o n C y p r u s a r o u n d 700 B . C . A n o t h e r possible r e f l e c t i o n o f Atrahasis • 104 • i n the Iliad s h o u l d be Figure 7. Cypriote silver bowl, about 700 B.C., found in the Bernardini tomb, Praeneste: a hunting adventure, including a

Babylonien und Assyrien. Vols. I—II. H e i d e l berg. Meyer, J. W. 1985. " Z u r H e r k u n f t der etruskischen L e b e r m o d e l l e . " I n G u b e l and L i p i n s k i (1985) 105-120. . 1987. Untersuchungen zu den Tonlebermodellen aus dem Alten Orient. Kevelaer. M o m i g l i a n o , A . D . 1934. " S u una battaglia tra A s s i r i e G r e c i . " Athenaeum 12, 412-416 = Quinto contributo alla storia degli studi classici e del mondo antico ( R o m e 1975) 409-413. M o n d i , R. 1990. "

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