The Peloponnesian War (Oxford World's Classics)
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"The greatest historian that ever lived." Such was Macaulay's assessment of Thucydides (c. 460-400 BC) and his history of the Peloponnesian War, the momentous struggle between Athens and Sparta that lasted for twenty-seven years from 431 to 404 BC, involved virtually the whole of the Greek world, and ended in the fall of Athens. A participant in the war himself, Thucydides brings to his history an awesome intellect, brilliant narrative, and penetrating analysis of the nature of power, as it affects both states and individuals. Of the prose writers of the ancient world, Thucydides has had more lasting influence on western thought than all but Plato and Aristotle. This new edition combines a masterly new translation by Martin Hammond with comprehensive supporting material, including summaries of individual Books; textual notes; a comprehensive analytical index; an appendix on weights, measures and distances, money, and calendars; ten maps; an up-to-date bibliography; and an illuminating introduction by P.J. Rhodes.
About the Series: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the broadest spectrum of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, voluminous notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
both in the war itself and because of faction. And things formerly known from hearsay accounts, less often from factual confirmation, could now be believed, such as earthquakes, since these came without parallel in their wide distribution as well as severity, along with eclipses of the sun, which occurred more frequently than in any memories of the past, also droughts in some parts and the famines caused by them, and the disease that did the most damage and destroyed a large number: the plague.
merchant ship were brought back to the camp, with some difficulty; for they were pursued by a single trireme, a good sailer, since the Syracusans in the harbor were winning at sea; but when the two smaller forts were captured, it happened that now the Syracusans were already losing, and the men who were escaping sailed past more easily. For after the Syracusan ships that were fighting in front of the harbor mouth had overpowered the Athenians ships, they sailed into the harbor in no sort of
Potidaia was now under heavy siege on both sides and from the sea by blockading ships.  Aristeus, now that the city was walled off and he had no hope for its salvation except possibly from the Peloponnesians or from some other unexpected development, recommended that all except five hundred wait for a wind and sail out, so that food might last longer, and he was willing to be one of those who stayed. Unable to convince them and wanting to arrange whatever suited the circumstances and would
of Demosthenes following. The hoplites kept the baggage handlers and most of the general crowd inside the square. And when they came to the Anapos river, they found some of the Syracusans and their allies drawn up there to oppose them, and after routing these and controlling the crossing they moved on ahead; the Syracusans kept attacking them, both by riding alongside and with javelins thrown by the light-armed. On this day the Athenians advanced about forty stades and bivouacked by a hill; on
made a decision to use friendly proclamations, leading the city into an amicable understanding, and had their herald proclaim that anyone wishing to be an ally in accordance with the ancestral practice of all Boiotians was to ground his arms with them, since they thought that in this way the city would readily come over to them.  When the Plataians realized that the Thebans were inside and the city had been taken over in an instant, filled with fear and thinking that a much larger number had