The Psyche in Antiquity: Early Greek Philosophy: From Thales to Plotinus

The Psyche in Antiquity: Early Greek Philosophy: From Thales to Plotinus

Edward F. Edinger

Language: English

Pages: 362

ISBN: 2:00264153

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Redeems the relevance of Greek philosophy to everyday, modern life. The purpose of this book is not to study philosophy, but rather to track the psyshe as it manifests in the archetypal ideas that so gripped the early Greeks. Dr. Edinger's unique perpective redeems the relvance of this bedrock of the Western psyche by relating the Greeks' ideas to modern psychological experience.












kind of categoryindividuality. Thus one can recognize what entelechy is by one's own subjective psychic experience. Jung refers to the term "entelechy" in the Vitalist sense. Here we see the flowering of Aristotle's concept of entelecheia. Jung says, The goal of the individuation process is the synthesis of the self. From another point of view the term "entelechy" might be preferable to "synthesis." There is an empirical reason why "entelechy" is, in certain conditions, more fitting: the symbols

pathos, and rule out the opposite, the pain pathos. But, says Peters: The radical point of difference between Epicurus and the Stoics in this regard is the latter's insistence that all the pathe are irrational movements against nature, at least as defined by Zeno. . . . Thus it would seem that the Stoic is concerned with eradicating the pathe, the Peripatetic [the Aristotelian] with moderating them [finding the mean between them], and the Epicurean with discriminating between the good and evil

reconnecting the ego to its origin. These are two quite explicit parallels between Plotinian philosophy and Jungian psychology. Plotinus' essay ''On Beauty" is perhaps his best known. It is an elaboration of a passage in Plato's Symposium. In this passage, Socrates speaks about the nature of love and in the course of his presentation, he describes what Diotima, an old wise woman, taught him. This is equivalent to a dream within a dream: Plato uses Socrates as his mouthpiece and, in the dialogue,

forgetfulness. One forgot what one originally knew.] . . . The contrast with the Biblical revelation and with certain lines of thought in the Ancient Near East is complete. Where the Christian sees tragic contradiction, the Neoplatonist diagnoses a weakness or incapacity.161 The question of the ego's sinfulness and responsibility for itself is an important issue in psychotherapy. There are, of course, different attitudes about this matter and one does not hear too much talk about sin and

Other such words are archbishop, archangel and so on. Understood psychologically, these terms refer to the projection onto the material world of an elemental, original condition of the psyche. In this projection, the psyche announces the fact that it derives from an original, prime matter, and the conceptual image arche expresses the nature of the primordial state of the unconscious. It is quite remarkable that early in Western speculation, the unity of the psychic Self should be projected into

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