The World of Parmenides: Essays on the Presocratic Enlightenment

The World of Parmenides: Essays on the Presocratic Enlightenment

Language: English

Pages: 352

ISBN: 0415237300

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


This unique collection of essays not only explores the complexity of ancient Greek thought, but also reveals Popper's engagement with Presocratic philosophy and the enlightenment he experienced in reading Parmenides. It includes writings on Greek science, philosophy and history, and demonstrates Popper's lifelong fascination and admiration of the Presocratic philosophers, in particular Parmenides, Xenophanes and Heraclitus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

are therefore physical wholes extended in time as well as space. More or less the same holds for all processes that form the objective physical basis of the so-called ‘secondary qualities’. These processes – the interaction of surfaces with light (where colour-invariant properties and other optical properties of the surfaces become important) – are as ‘primary’ in character, from a physical point of view, as the (temperature-dependent) molecular processes that determine the rigidity and the

ancient42 discussions connected with the mind– body problem, and the consciousness of self. The position here taken by Socrates is one that any interactionist must subscribe to: for any interactionist, even a full explanation of human bodily movements, taken purely as physical movements, cannot be provided in purely physical terms: the physical World 1 is not self-contained, but causally open to World 2 (and through it, to World 3).43 5 CONJECTURAL VERSUS ULTIMATE EXPLANATION Even for

ancient42 discussions connected with the mind– body problem, and the consciousness of self. The position here taken by Socrates is one that any interactionist must subscribe to: for any interactionist, even a full explanation of human bodily movements, taken purely as physical movements, cannot be provided in purely physical terms: the physical World 1 is not self-contained, but causally open to World 2 (and through it, to World 3).43 5 CONJECTURAL VERSUS ULTIMATE EXPLANATION Even for

owe this question to Jeremy Shearmur, who also suggested that the relation might be like that of the Platonic ideas to matter. 34 See O.S., Chapter 3, p. 26 and note 15. 35 Reading Guthrie, whose book (A History of Greek Philosophy, vol. III, Cambridge, 1969) contains the best presentation of Socrates known to me, has convinced me that Socrates’ autobiographical remarks in Plato’s Phaedo, 96a ff, are likely to be historical. I first accepted Guthrie’s criticism (p. 423, n. 1) of my O.S. (vol.

147n47, 148n48–n49, 149n50, n54, 151n61, n63, 166–7, 175, 179, 231n6, 231n7–n8, 232n9–n11, 234n29–n30, 235n38–n39, n42, 236n47, 245–6, 250n1, n3–n4, 271, 280n31, 281n36, 303 Kant, I.92–3, 106, 111–12, 145n26, 152–3n76, 163–4, 236n47, 251n13, 272 Kepler, J. 13, 55, 66n26, 74, 120, 122, 163, 207, 293 Khinchine, A. I. 244n138 Kirchhoff, C. T. 277 Kirk, G. S. 19–22, 28n1, n4–n5, 52, 100, 104n11, 235n34 Klein, M. J. 242n113 Kranz, W. xx, 68 Kuhn, T. xii, 182, 237n54 Lakatos, I. xii, 173,

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