Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary

Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary

Juan Williams

Language: English

Pages: 504

ISBN: 0812932994

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This New York Times Notable Book of the Year, 1998, is now in trade paper.

From the bestselling author of Eyes on the Prize, here is the definitive biography of the great lawyer and Supreme Court justice.

















to New York, racing the news that was spreading around the country like electricity. “We were ecstatic,” remembered Bob Carter. “It was a very heady day.” At the NAACP’s office Marshall walked into a crowded press conference being held by Walter White. The NAACP executive secretary, prancing like a rooster, told the reporters that his next plan was to attack segregation in housing and transportation. Marshall shifted from elation to anger as he watched White taking all the credit for the Supreme

Avenue. Writing on stationery from Muhammad’s Mosque No. 7, he said, “Conditions in Harlem have deteriorated,” and black “leaders must now take an intelligent and unselfish stand.” He predicted summer riots: “The fuse has already been lit, the crisis has been reached, and if something is not done immediately there will be an explosive situation in the Negro community, more dangerous and destructive than a hundred megaton bombs.”23 Marshall wasn’t persuaded by the letter. He wrote on it, “File,

activists for disobeying the laws of segregation, Marshall stormed out, leaving behind nationwide headlines. Marshall was angry over the defeat of a resolution that would have “recognized the right of any person, for reasons of conscience, to disobey laws or social customs in conflict with the law of God so long as such person is willing to carry out his protest in a nonviolent manner.”31 The walkout illuminated the tension between Marshall’s strong belief in the law and his opposition to

advocate general upheld the guilty verdict against the fifty men. A spokesman for the secretary of the Navy said: “The trials were conducted fairly and impartially.… Racial discrimination was guarded against.” Marshall immediately insisted on a meeting with the secretary of the Navy to argue that racial discrimination was a factor. Forrestal refused to see him but allowed Marshall to “submit to me any memoranda in this matter which you may desire.”17 A subsequent Navy review of the trial found

am convinced that the campaign against the Board for its action involving Du Bois is falling flat on its face,” Marshall wrote in a letter to White, who was by then at the U.N. “In other words, I think we have it under control and you need not worry about it until you get back.”1 Du Bois’s dismissal, however, had little to do with his support for Wallace, and everything to do with the fact that he was a Communist. In the midst of a nationwide anti-Communist frenzy, the NAACP was acting to

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