TOOLS OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS: A Kid's Guide to the History & Science of Life in Ancient Greece (Build It Yourself)
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Temples were often decorated with larger-than-life marble statues and an ornamental band of carvings around the perimeter of the building called a frieze. These sculptures and friezes might represent gods and goddesses, mythological stories, sporting activities, or historical events. Because statues on these buildings were so large, sculptors often set up shop near the construction site—that way, the finished statue had only a short distance to travel and, therefore, less risk of breaking.
Pericles, to the shield of Athena. Whether these accusations were true or not, both ancient and modern critics agree that Phidias was indeed a great artist. Statue of Athena for the Parthenon. Legendary Greeks Medusa Medusa was a beautiful maiden who caught the eye of the sea god Poseidon. Boldly, Poseidon charmed Medusa in the Temple of Athena. Enraged at this violation of her temple, Athena turned Medusa into a monster. Writhing snakes replaced the hair on her head and anyone who looked at
state officiated. The ancient Greeks didn’t have full-time spiritual guides, though each family group had a member who was their own priest, who inherited the job from a relative. One duty of the family priest was reading omens. The ancient Greek people believed that fortunes could be told by examining the livers of animals, the patterns of birds in flight, or the patterns of thunder and lightning. Floor plan of a typical temple. Oracles The ancient Greeks may not have had official, full-time
son of Rhea and the Titan Cronus. It was prophesied that Cronus would be overthrown by one of his children. To prevent this, Cronus swallowed every child born to him. Rhea, expecting her sixth child, fled to Crete and gave birth to Zeus. Afterward, she wrapped a stone to look like a baby and tricked Cronus into swallowing the stone, rather than Zeus. Later, Zeus and his cousin Metis conspired to give Cronus a drug that made him throw up Zeus’s siblings. Zeus and his brothers, Poseidon and Hades,
64 Rhodes, 93, 96–98 Romans, 76, 108, 140, 146, 147 S Salamis, 63, 135, 136, 138, 139 Schliemann, Heinrich, 132 science, scientists, 6, 16, 38, 45, 79, 80, 84, 85, 101–129, 147 sculpture, 16, 37, 38, 50–54, 88, 89, 91–93 ships, 22–24, 63, 102, 135, 136, 145 Sicily, 104, 106, 113 silver, 22 slaves, slavery, 10–12, 17, 18, 30–36, 43, 45, 46 snakes, 54, 113, 114 Socrates, 13, 81–83 Socratic method, 82, 84 Solon, 11–15 Spain, 8, 70, 118 Sparta, 6, 14, 15, 17, 18, 24, 35, 36, 95, 132,