United States History: 1789 to 1841: The Developing Nation (Essentials)
John F. Chilton
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United States History: 1789 to 1841 includes Washington and the Federalist Era, the Jeffersonian Era, the War of 1812, the Monroe presidency, the Marshall court, the Missouri Compromise, Jacksonian Democracy, Ante-Bellum culture, Manifest Destiny, and increasing sectional stress.
supporters now called themselves the National Republicans, and Jackson’s party ran as the Democratic Republicans. Andrew Jackson had aggressively campaigned since his defeat in the House in 1825. It was a dirty campaign. Adams’ people accused Jackson of adultery and of the murder of several militiamen who had been executed for desertion during the War of 1812. Jackson’s followers in turn defamed Adams and his programs and accused him of extravagance with public funds. When the votes were
citizen. 1.5.3The Appearance of Political Parties Political parties had been considered a detrimental force by the founding fathers, since they were seen to contribute to the rise of “factions.” Thus no mention of such was made in the Constitution. But differences in philosophy very quickly began to drive the leaders of government into opposing camps — the Federalists and the Republicans. Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists. Hamilton, as the theorist of the group who favored a strong
without a political future. He became involved in a scheme to take Mexico from Spain and establish a new nation in the West. In the fall of 1806, he led a group of armed men down the Mississippi River system toward New Orleans. He was arrested in Natchez and tried for treason in Richmond, Virginia. Judge John Marshall’s decision for acquittal helped to narrow the legal definition of treason. Jefferson’s attempts to influence and prejudice the trial were justified by his claims of “executive
Protective Tariff (1816). The first protective tariff in the nation’s history was passed in 1816 to slow the flood of cheap British manufactures into the country. Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817). An agreement was reached in 1817 between Britain and the United States to stop maintaining armed fleets on the Great Lakes. This first “disarmament” agreement is still in effect. Jackson’s Florida Invasion (1817). Indian troubles in the newly acquired areas of western Florida prompted General Andrew Jackson,
strengthen the power of the federal government and restrict the powers of state governments. 3.2.1Marbury v. Madison (1803) This case established the precedent of the Supreme Court’s power to rule on the constitutionality of federal laws. 3.2.2 Fletcher v. Peck (1810) The Georgia legislature had issued extensive land grants in a shady deal with the Yazoo Land Company. A subsequent legislative session repealed that action because of the corruption that had attended the original grant. The