United States History: 1877 to 1912: Industrialism, Foreign Expansion and the Progressive Era (Essentials)
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REA’s Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals.
United States History: 1877 to 1912 includes the New Industrial Era, the reaction to corporate industrialism, the emergence of a regional empire, the Spanish-American War, the Americanization of the world, Theodore Roosevelt and progressive reforms, the regulatory state and the ordered society, and the election of Woodrow Wilson.
commanded the attention of the nation. 6.3.1 Progressive Reforms There was not one unified progressive movement, but a series of reform causes designed to address specific social, economic and political problems. Middle class men and women were especially active in attempting to correct the excessive powers of giant corporations, and the radical extremes of Marxist revolutionaries and radicals among intellectuals and labor activists. However, the mainstreams of the business community and the
tariff platform. The Socialists once again nominated Eugene Debs. Taft easily won by over a million votes, and the Republicans retained control of both houses of Congress. For the first time, the American Federation of Labor entered national politics officially with an endorsement of Bryan. This decision began a long alliance between organized labor and the Democratic Party in the 20th century. 7.1.2 Taft’s Objectives The President had two primary political goals in 1909. One was the
1.2.5 Labor Unions The depression of the 1870s undermined national labor organizations. The National Labor Union (1866) had a membership of 600,000 but failed to withstand the impact of economic adversity. The Knights of Labor (1869) managed to open its membership to not only white native American workers, but immigrants, women and African-Americans as well. Although they claimed one million members, they too could not weather the hard times of the 1870s, and eventually went under in 1886 in the
increasingly international as it sought to export surplus manufactured and agricultural goods. Foreign markets were viewed as a safety valve for labor employment problems and agrarian unrest. The return of Secretary of State James G. Blaine in 1889 marked a major attempt by the United States to promote a regional empire in the western hemisphere and reciprocal trade programs. 3.1 POLITICS OF THE PERIOD, 1887 – 1892 National politics became more controversial and turbulent in this era. 3.1.1
psychohistory. He is the author of John Barrett, Progressive Era Diplomat: A Study of a Commercial Expansionist, 1887 – 1920, as well as An Introduction to Psychohistory: Theories and Case Studies. He has published more than eighty articles, essays and book reviews. Table of Contents These “Little Books” have rescued lots of grades and more! Title Page Copyright Page What REA’s Essentials® of History Will Do for You About the Author CHAPTER 1 - THE NEW INDUSTRIAL ERA, 1877 – 1882 CHAPTER 2 -