You May Ask Yourself: An Introduction to Thinking Like a Sociologist (3rd Edition)
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The “untextbook” that teaches students to think like a sociologist.
You May Ask Yourself gives instructors an alternative to the typical textbook by emphasizing the “big ideas” of the discipline, and encouraging students to ask meaningful questions. Conley employs a “non-textbook” strategy of explaining complex concepts through personal examples and storytelling, and integrates coverage of social inequality throughout the text.
W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. • www.NortonEbooks.com YOU MAY ASK YOURSELF AN INTRODUCTION TO THINKING LIKE A SOCIOLOGIST THIRD EDITION Dalton Conley Code of the Streets by Elijah Anderson The Cosmopolitan Canopy y by Elijah Anderson Social Problems, 2nd Edition by Joel Best The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 3rd Edition by Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Essentials of Sociology, 4th Edition by Anthony Giddens, Mitchell Duneier, Richard P. Appelbaum, and Deborah Carr Introduction to
they would bail Reverse causality a situation in which the researcher believes that A results in a change in B, but B, in fact, is causing A. Figure g 2.2: The Charge g of Spuriousness p Why is the correlation between nutrition and height spurious? Research 101 49 me out once they got their six-Àgure salaries. One way to Àx this, of course, would be to directly measure my expectations for my children’s future income to resolve the matter of time order. Variables Dependent variable the
example, if you wanted to determine the effect of polygamy on gender relations, it would be a good idea to compare provinces of Mali, West Africa, that have different rates of polygamy and monogamy but similar cultures. It would be a bad idea to compare Mali with Massachusetts, because other than names that start with the same Àrst two letters, these settings have little in common. Likewise, in studying the effects of universal health care, it would be better to compare the United States (which
indicates respect and sincerity. In some other cultures, however, it is considered extremely rude to look someone directly in the eye. When you raise your glass in a toast with others and say, “Cheers,” you can generally focus your eyes wherever you want. In many European countries, however, it is highly impolite and may be regarded as a sign of dishonesty not to establish eye contact while touching glasses. Comprehending the three basic tenets of symbolic interactionism listed above is key to
you might give a 144 Chapter 4: Socialization and the Construction of Reality sympathetic look, even the hint of a smile, to indicate your agreement: “Yeah, crazy, huh?” Then you could breathe a little easier, knowing that the guy facing backward in the elevator is abnormal, and you, the other passenger, and anyone else who steps inside and is facing forward are normal, although there’s no social imperative to face forward rather than backward in an elevator. If you walked into the classroom